How to Get a Cannabis License in Minnesota

By Eric Schneider, a seasoned cannabis industry expert. He’s a sought-after speaker at industry seminars and a regular writer for respected cannabis journals such as the American Bar Association

The booming cannabis market has seen a recent shift in Minnesota as recreational cannabis was legalized in August 2023 after they introduced the medical cannabis program in May 2014. If you’re a cannabis entrepreneur looking for an ideal marijuana startup in Minnesota, you’re on the right page.

Keep reading this guide to learn everything about the types of cannabis business licenses offered by the Minnesota government and how to acquire them.

Dispensary Header Image
A guy harvesting cannabis

Historical Context

Minnesota decriminalized cannabis in 1976, but it wasn’t until 2014 that the state legalized the use of marijuana for medical purposes, lifting the cannabis prohibition. Only earlier in 2023, the Minnesota Government signed the cannabis legalization bill into law, allowing adults aged 21 or more to use cannabis for recreational reasons.

The new legalization law went into effect in August 2023, and it’s expected that the first marijuana dispensaries will be up and running in 12-18 months.

However, the 11 Native American tribal governments in Minnesota are sovereign and don’t have to wait for the state to finalize licensing systems. Therefore, some dispensaries have rolled out the recreational marijuana sales following August 1, 2023.

With these recent advancements, Minnesota’s cannabis market is poised for growth and is expected to cross $500 million by 2027.

Types of Cannabis Licenses in Minnesota

Minnesota’s Office of Cannabis Management offers the following types of licenses:

  • Cannabis microbusiness
  • Cannabis mezzobusiness
  • Cannabis cultivator
  • Cannabis manufacturer
  • Cannabis retailer license
  • Cannabis wholesaler
  • Cannabis transporter
  • Cannabis testing facility
  • Cannabis event organizer
  • Cannabis delivery service
  • Lower-potency hemp edible manufacturer
  • Lower-potency hemp edible retailer
  • Medical cannabis cultivator
  • Medical cannabis processor
  • Medical cannabis retailer
  • Medical cannabis combination business

Note: Applications for business licenses will be open once rulemaking is complete. The OCM expects the applications to be live by the beginning of 2025. Keep an eye out for the evolving regulatory framework for legal adult cannabis in Minnesota and ensure your business is compliant.

How to Obtain a Cannabis Business License in Minnesota?

Step 1: Comprehensive Research and In-depth Preparation

The process starts with comprehensive research. Here’s a breakdown:

Market Analysis

  • Understand the existing cannabis market in Minnesota.
  • Identify gaps and opportunities in the local market.

Consumer Insights

  • Gather consumer behavior and preferences information in Minnesota’s preferred municipality/town/county.
  • Conduct surveys or focus groups to understand customer needs.

Regulatory Proficiency

  • Familiarize yourself with Minnesota’s cannabis laws and regulations.
  • Keep updated on any changes in legislation. 
  • This is the right time to examine specific laws in a specific municipality or county.

Competitive Analysis

  • Analyze competitors in your chosen sector (cultivation, retail, etc.).
  • Study their business models, strengths, and weaknesses.

Site Selection

  • Choose a suitable location adhering to zoning laws and regulations.
  • Consider factors like accessibility, security, and market proximity.

Risk Assessment

  • Evaluate risks related to the market, legal compliance, and operations.
  • Develop strategies to mitigate identified risks.

Network Building

  • Connect with industry experts, potential partners, and suppliers.
  • Attend industry events and join cannabis business forums.
  • Develop a Solid Business Plan 
  • Draft a robust business plan detailing your target market, financial projections, and marketing strategies.

Assemble the Necessary Documentation

  • Gather legal documents, financial records, and business incorporation papers.
  • Prepare detailed descriptions of your proposed business operations.

Step 2: Submitting the Application

How to Apply for a New License:

How to Renew Your License:

  • Submit a renewal application before the expiration of the current license. Ensure paying the renewal license fee before submitting the renewal application.
  • Ensure compliance with all regulatory requirements for renewal.

Agent Card Requirements:

  • Understand the requirements for obtaining an agent card for your employees.
  • Ensure all staff meet the eligibility criteria.

Limitations on Employment:

How to Apply for an Agent Card:

  • Complete the agent card application process for each eligible employee.
  • Submit necessary identification and background check information.

Step 3: Payment and Fees

  • Pay the applicable fees for your specific license type.
  • The initial license fee vary depending on the type of cannabis license and scale of operation.

Step 4: Application Review and Compliance Inspection

  • After submission, your application will be reviewed by the regulatory body.
  • Be prepared for a compliance inspection of your premises.
  • At this point, you can look for cannabis insurance options as insurance can help you navigate the cannabis market smoothly.

Note that the first compliance inspection is free in Minnesota. However, there’s a $250 compliance fee for every inspection following that.

Post-Application Steps

  • Once approved, maintain compliance with state regulations.
  • Regularly update your business and operational plans as needed.
  • Engage in continuous learning and adaptation to industry changes.

Remember, the cannabis industry is heavily regulated, and adherence to all legal and regulatory requirements is crucial for success. 

Stay informed, and consider seeking legal advice or consulting with industry experts like Alpharoot to help you excel in the market.

Types of Cannabis Licenses in Minnesota 

1. Cannabis Microbusiness


  • Small-scale operations, limited plant count, and production.
  • Encourages local and small business participation.
  • This may include cultivation, processing, and sales.


  • Application: $500
  • Initial License: None
  • Renewal: $2,000


  • Comply with local zoning laws and state cannabis business laws.
  • Financial stability proof.
  • Background checks for staff.

2. Cannabis Mezzobusiness


  • Intermediate scale, larger operations than micro businesses.
  • Multiple cannabis operations aspects.
  • Targets scaling up emerging businesses.


  • Application: $5,000
  • Initial License: $5,000
  • Renewal: $10,000


  • Strong business plan.
  • Environmental impact assessment.
  • Compliance with regulations.
  • Employee training programs.

3. Cannabis Cultivator


  • Growing and harvesting of cannabis.
  • Varies from small to large scales.
  • Maintains cultivation standards.


  • Application: $10,000
  • Initial License: $20,000
  • Renewal: $30,000


  • Cultivation and quality standards.
  • Adequate security measures.
  • Water and energy usage plans.
  • Pesticide management plans.

4. Cannabis Manufacturer


  • Production of recreational and medical cannabis products.
  • Processes raw cannabis into forms.
  • Product safety and quality standards.


  • Application: $10,000
  • Initial License: $10,000
  • Renewal: $20,000


  • Manufacturing and safety standards.
  • Proper labeling and packaging.
  • Waste disposal plans.
  • Quality control protocols.

5. Cannabis Retailer


  • Direct sales to consumers.
  • Customer-friendly retail space.
  • Strict advertising and marketing regulations.


  • Application: $2,500
  • Initial License: $2,500
  • Renewal: $5,000


  • Sales and distribution law compliance.
  • Security for store and inventory.
  • Staff training in compliance.
  • Sales data record-keeping.

6. Cannabis Wholesaler


  • Intermediary between manufacturers of cannabis products and retailers.
  • Handles large quantities.
  • Storage and logistics capabilities.


  • Application: $5,000
  • Initial License: $5,000
  • Renewal: $10,000


  • Inventory management system.
  • Transportation and storage regulations.
  • Business-to-business contracts.
  • Financial reporting.

7. Cannabis Transporter


  • Secure transport of cannabis products.
  • Vehicles and logistics management.
  • Strict transportation guidelines.


  • Application: $250
  • Initial License: $500
  • Renewal: $1,000


  • Secure transportation methods.
  • State transportation regulation compliance.
  • Product movement tracking.
  • Driver training and checks.

8. Cannabis Testing Facility


  • Testing services for cannabis products.
  • Ensures product safety and compliance.
  • Laboratory equipment and expertise.


  • Application: $10,000
  • Initial License: $10,000
  • Renewal: $20,000


  • Accredited laboratory facilities.
  • Qualified scientific staff.
  • Testing protocols compliance.
  • Secure sample handling.

9. Cannabis Event Organizer


  • Coordinates cannabis-related events.
  • Knowledge of event planning and management.
  • Adherence to public safety regulations.


  • Application: $750
  • Initial License: $750


  • Event planning skills.
  • Public safety and consumption law compliance.
  • Local authority permits.
  • Liability insurance.

10. Cannabis Delivery Service


  • Home delivery of cannabis products.
  • Efficient logistics and delivery systems.
  • Delivery and packaging regulations.


  • Application: $250
  • Initial License: $500
  • Renewal: $1,000


  • Secure and discreet delivery.
  • State delivery regulation compliance.
  • Customer age verification.
  • Delivery transaction records.

11. Lower-Potency Hemp Edible Manufacturer


  • Manufactures hemp-based edibles.
  • Lower THC concentration products.
  • Food safety and quality standards.


  • Application: $250
  • Initial License: $1,000
  • Renewal: $1,000


  • Food production safety standards.
  • THC content and ingredient labeling.
  • Quality control and product testing.
  • Facility inspection.

12. Lower-Potency Hemp Edible Retailer


  • Sells hemp-based edibles with lower THC.
  • Retail space and customer service.
  • Labeling and marketing regulations.


  • Application: $250 per location
  • Initial License: $250 per location
  • Renewal: $250 per location


  • Retail and sales laws compliance.
  • Hemp product specifications knowledge.
  • Employee product knowledge training.
  • Responsible sales practices.

13. Medical Cannabis Cultivator


  • Grows cannabis for medical use.
  • Medical-grade standards adherence.
  • Specific strains and cultivation techniques.


  • Application: $250
  • Initial License: None
  • Renewal: None


  • Medical cannabis cultivation regulations.
  • Quality control and consistency.
  • Security for cultivation facilities.
  • Cultivation practices record-keeping.

14. Medical Cannabis Processor


  • Processes medical cannabis into medicinal forms.
  • Precision and medical standards adherence.
  • Extraction, refinement, and formulation.


  • Application: $250
  • Initial License: None
  • Renewal: None


  • Medical processing standards.
  • Formulation and dosage precision.
  • Quality control and product testing.
  • Facility inspection.

15. Medical Cannabis Retailer


  • Sells medical cannabis to patients.
  • Secure and patient-friendly environment.
  • Patient eligibility and prescription verification.


  • Application: $250
  • Initial License: None
  • Renewal: None


  • Medical cannabis sales law compliance.
  • Secure product handling and storage.
  • Patient record-keeping and privacy.
  • Staff medical cannabis knowledge training.

16. Medical Cannabis Combination Business


  • Integrates various aspects of the medical cannabis business.
  • May include cultivation, processing, and retailing.
  • Streamlines supply chain for efficiency.


  • Application: $10,000
  • Initial License: $20,000
  • Renewal: $70,000


  • Compliance with medical cannabis regulations.
  • Integrated business model.
  • Quality control across all aspects.
  • Security and patient privacy measures.

Check the updates, fees, and detailed requirements on Minnesota’s Office of Cannabis Management website.

Each of these marijuana licenses, including those for adult use cannabis establishments, comes with its own set of challenges and responsibilities. It’s crucial to stay updated with the ever-evolving regulations and the licenses issued, especially those related to adult use cannabis, by regularly checking the official Minnesota government pages. As the cannabis industry in Minnesota continues to flourish, ensuring compliance and understanding the nuances of each business license and type will pave the way for a successful venture.

Risk and Compliance Factors From AlphaRoot

The cannabis industry, while burgeoning with opportunities, is not without its complexities and inherent risks. Understanding and mitigating these risks is crucial for long-term success. AlphaRoot, a prominent insurance and risk management firm specializing conduct business in the cannabis sector, sheds light on the key risk and compliance factors

1. Regulatory and Legal Risks

Labyrinthine Regulations The cannabis industry is highly regulated, and compliance with state and local laws is paramount for cannabis establishments. Navigating the intricate web of regulations, which can vary significantly from one jurisdiction to another, poses a substantial challenge for cannabis establishments. Failure to comply can result in fines, license revocation, or legal consequences.

Federal Ambiguity Cannabis remains illegal at the federal level in the United States, despite state-level legalization of recreational marijuana. This dichotomy creates uncertainties and exposes businesses that sell recreational marijuana here to potential federal enforcement actions.

2. Financial Risks

Cash-Intensive Operations Due to federal banking restrictions, many cannabis businesses operate primarily in cash. This not only presents security risks but also complicates financial management and taxation.

Taxation Challenges Cannabis businesses face unique tax challenges, including limitations on deductions and potential audits. Understanding and complying with tax regulations is essential to avoid financial penalties.

3. Security Risks

Theft and Robbery Cannabis businesses are susceptible to theft and robbery due to the high value of their products. Implementing robust security measures at a marijuana cultivation facility, including surveillance systems and secure storage, is vital to mitigate these risks.

Cybersecurity As with any industry, cannabis businesses are vulnerable to cyberattacks. Protecting sensitive customer data and business information is critical.

4. Product Liability and Quality Control

Product Liability Claims Ensuring the safety and quality of cannabis products is crucial to prevent product liability claims. Contaminated or mislabeled products can lead to legal and financial repercussions.

Testing and Quality Assurance Collaborating with reputable independent testing laboratory and facilities, as required by regulations, is essential to verify the safety and potency of cannabis products. Consistent quality control is essential to maintain consumer trust.

5. Market Competition and Volatility

Saturated Markets in regions with a high concentration of cannabis businesses, competition can be fierce. Navigating market saturation requires effective differentiation and marketing strategies.

Price Volatility The price of cannabis products can fluctuate significantly, impacting profitability. Businesses must adapt to market dynamics and price changes.

6. Environmental and Sustainability Concerns

Resource Intensity Cannabis cultivation and processing can be resource-intensive, including water and energy consumption. Businesses need to address sustainability concerns and adhere to environmental regulations.

Waste Management Proper waste disposal and recycling practices are essential to minimize environmental impact and meet regulatory requirements.

7. Talent and Workforce Challenges

Talent Shortages the cannabis industry often faces challenges in recruiting and retaining qualified personnel due to its specialized nature. Employee turnover can disrupt operations.

Training and Compliance Businesses must invest to ensure employees are well-informed about compliance and safety protocols.

Expert Insights

Isaac Bock, a well-known figure in the cannabis sector, emphasizes that success in Nevada’s cannabis industry hinges on keeping cannabis establishment of regulations, maintaining ongoing community involvement, and upholding the highest standards of product quality.

Minnesota Adult-Use Cannabis Licensing: 2024 Update

Minnesota has launched its adult-use cannabis licensing program, and the first round is specifically designed for social equity applicants. This webpage provides a comprehensive overview of everything you need to know to apply for a license.

License Types and Availability

The first round of licensing offers opportunities for various business models. You can apply for a cultivation license, a manufacturing license, or a combination license for operating both a dispensary and a cultivation facility (microbusiness) or for operating multiple dispensaries with an attached cultivation facility (mezzo-business). There are also licenses available for independent cannabis testing facilities. A total of 194 licenses will be awarded in this initial round.

Random Lottery and Social Equity Focus

The state will award licenses through a random lottery system, ensuring a fair chance for all qualified applicants. This first round is specifically aimed at social equity applicants, those who have been disproportionately impacted by past cannabis prohibition policies. There are multiple ways to qualify as a social equity applicant, including having a past cannabis conviction yourself or having a close family member who does. Additionally, you may qualify if you have lived for at least five years in an area with a high poverty rate or one that has experienced a significant amount of cannabis enforcement activity.

Social Equity Ownership and Local Control

Minnesota is committed to creating a diverse and inclusive cannabis industry. To achieve this goal, at least 65% of ownership in any licensed business must be held by a social equity person for the first three years of operation. After that period, ownership can transfer to non-social equity individuals. Local governments cannot completely ban cannabis businesses, but they do have some control over the number of dispensaries allowed in their jurisdiction. There is a minimum requirement of one dispensary per 12,500 residents, but local governments can choose to limit the number further if they wish.

Application Process and Next Steps

The application process for the first round of licensing has been streamlined to be as accessible as possible for social equity applicants. You will not need to have a physical location secured at the time you apply, but you will need to find one during the licensing process. The application itself focuses on verifying your social equity status, disclosing ownership information, and submitting basic business documents. While this summary provides a general overview, we highly recommend consulting with a lawyer to ensure your application meets all the specific requirements outlined in the official regulations (link to be pdf).

This is a significant opportunity to enter the Minnesota adult-use cannabis market as a social equity applicant. With careful planning and professional guidance, you can increase your chances of securing a license in this historic first round.

FAQ Section

How Do I Renew My Minnesota Cannabis Establishment License?

You should seek and fill out the Minnesota cannabis establishment license renewal application before your license expires, pay the renewal fee, and submit any other documents required by the Office of Cannabis management.

What Are the Tax Rates for Cannabis in Minnesota?

The Minnesota Department of Revenue is responsible for cannabis tax management. The cannabis tax is 10% of the gross retail receipts of taxable cannabis products. However, there are a few exemptions.

What Are the Advertising Guidelines for Cannabis in Minnesota?

The advertising guidelines for cannabis in Minnesota are much like those in other states. The government emphasizes the exclusion of cannabis plant names, cannabis images, and much more. Also, the advertisements should only be directed toward people aged 21 or more. They must not be misleading. You can find more about advertising guidelines in Minnesota’s legislature.

How Can I Work in the Cannabis Industry in Minnesota?

You need to be 21 and have no criminal record. Plus, medical-related cannabis businesses may require specific qualifications, too. Learn more about the state’s law on employment in cannabis businesses.

Additional Resources

Visit the official websites of regulatory authorities and learn of the ever-evolving marijuana landscape in Minnesota.


The Minnesota cannabis market is open to new businesses and entrepreneurs like you. You can position yourself better for success with the right resources and a solid business plan.

Obtaining a license is no walk in the park; it requires careful preparation, adherence to regulations, and a thorough understanding of Minnesota’s licensing process.

Remember to stay informed about the process, seek expert advice when needed, and remain compliant with Minnesota’s licensing procedures. You’ve got this!